Mushrooming of Mushrooms at Gaya
According to the data released by the National Horticulture Board, Bihar has become the largest mushroom producing state in the country. With the production of about 28,000 metric tons of mushrooms in the year 2021-2022, the state accounts for about 10.82 per cent of the total mushroom production in the country.
Mushroom is usually a winter crop. But by using this technique, farmers can produce it in any season. Since, with this technique suitable temperature can be provided for mushroom plants.
But there is always a delusion in the mind of the small farmer that if the production is not right, then he has to bear a lot of loss, something similar happened with the Dalit farmers of Har Banke Bazar and Imamganj, who had heard the name of mushroom a lot but were afraid to follow it. Neither used to consume it because in today’s time the price of mushroom is skyrocketing in the market. Its demand will be high because are among the top five energy source of mushrooms such as B vitamins (B2, B3, folate, B5), Phosphorus, Vitamin D, Selenium, Copper, Potassium.
It is a very good source of income and nutrition but there was still a lot of fear in the minds of Dalit and Mahadalit families regarding mushroom cultivation. 9000 bags were distributed among 1800 farmers under the deep-dive project, in which each farmer was given 5-5 bags of mushrooms. For them, this is the first time, they are growing and eating it themselves, as well as giving it to the relatives so that they too can know how does it look like. People says that it is tastier than chicken.
They are now doing in their home on a very small scale. But now they are very confident in mushroom cultivation. They know all the process and technicality of mushroom farming. Some of them are selling their mushroom to the Bankey Bazar FPO @Rs.200/-packet.